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Hot Rolled Steel

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Very basically speaking, recrystallization temperature is the point at which a metal becomes sufficiently ductile to be shaped without breaking. Ductility is the measure of a material’s capacity to be shaped without breaking. Generally, the higher the temperature to which a metal is heated, the higher its ductility. Read More…

Hot Rolled Steel Hot rolling is a metal forming process in which a metal is heated above its recrystallization temperature and rolled into a shape by a series of rollers.
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Leading Manufacturers

Skokie, IL  |  847-966-3000

Block Steel Corp, ISO/TS 16949 Certified, specializes in aluminized steel and is the country’s largest aluminized steel distributor. We also stock Aluminized Stainless, Hot Dipped Galvanized, and distribute tubing.

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Block Steel Corp. $$$

Bridgeport, CT  |  800-800-4422

With seven service center located between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico, Gibbs Interwire & Steel Co., LLC has you covered wherever you are. We are an ISO 9001:2015 Certified manufacturer and distributor of strip coil and wire. We offer our products in a wide range of metals, including stainless steel, carbon steel, nickel alloy, and red metals. Our wire can come sharpened, flat, round, spring, and square. We serve numerous industries, including automotive, consumer, medical, power, environmental, and chemical.

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Gibbs Interwire & Steel Co., LLC $$$

Bridgeport, CT  |  800-221-0340

In business since 1829, Bushwick Metals is a unique and accomplished manufacturer of stainless steel tubing. Approximately 750,000 square feet of warehouse space and round the clock loading and processing of material enables us to serve well a multitude of steel products users whose requirements demand prompt service. Visit our website or call Bushwick today – for the metal you need tomorrow.

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Bushwick Metals, Inc. $$$

Belmont, NH  |  800-654-6043

The level of customer service we provide at All Metals Industries continues to set the benchmark for excellence in our industry. Our innovative metal service center specializes in a full line of flat-rolled carbon products including HRP&O, cold rolled, galvanized, galvannealed, and aluminized steel in a wide range of gauges and sizes.

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All Metals Industries, Inc. $$$

Chicago, IL  |  800-323-8443

ISO 9001:2001 certified, Lapham-Hickey Steel Corporation is a top US steel service center. Unlike other companies, we are more than the strength of our steel; we were built on the strength of our relationships and partnerships with our customers. Our success is a result of our commitment. We are committed to meeting or exceeding customer expectations and increasing customer satisfaction.

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Lapham-Hickey Steel Corporation $$$
placeholder image Block Steel Corp. Gibbs Interwire & Steel Co., LLC Bushwick Metals, Inc. All Metals Industries, Inc. Lapham-Hickey Steel Corporation

When steel is heated beyond its recrystallization temperature and pushed between a set of rollers, the sheets that emerge from the rolling process exhibit qualities of high strength and good formability. This type of steel is not as hard as cold rolled steel, but is often used for high strength and structural applications within the automotive, appliance, railroad and ship building industries.

Hot rolled steel is used for a wide variety of products, such as frame components for cars, wheels, tubing, agricultural equipment parts and machinery parts. It is usually a blue-grey color and is only painted if it has been pickled with zinc or iron phosphates. This type of steel is available in yield strengths up to 60 ksi.

To produce hot rolled steel, steel service centers heat semi-finished slabs of steel nearly to their melting point in a furnace, where they become easily moldable. The slab is pushed through a set of rollers, a process comparable to rolling cookie dough with a rolling pin. Its thickness is cut down from eight or nine inches to between one and 1.5 inches.

The steel is then cropped into different shapes by a pair of steel drums with large shearing blades and left to return to room temperature. As it cools, a metallurgical transformation in the steel's crystal structure takes places, which hardens the steel considerably. Outside processing, such as pickling, temper rolling, re-squaring, slitting and cutting-to-length is done after the rolling process is complete.

Pickling, for example, is the process of surface treating hot rolled steel with strong acids. Because steel is susceptible to oxidization, especially when exposed to heat, hot rolling can cause an undesirable film to form on the surface of the steel. Pickling can remove this film without risking deformation to the steel's surface. Other physical machining processes can also be used to remove such films.

Hot Rolled Steel Informational Video