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Carbon Steel

A reliable source for Carbon Steel information and leading Carbon Steel Companies.

While the American Iron and Steel Institute has a very strict definition of carbon steel and permissible content levels for additional elements, the term is more broadly applied to all iron and carbon steel alloys where the presence of other metals is minimal. Read More…

Carbon Steel Carbon steel is a metal alloy composed primarily of iron with carbon being the second largest component, imparting hardness and strength to varying degrees dependent upon the amount present.
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Skokie, IL  |  847-966-3000

Block Steel Corp, ISO/TS 16949 Certified, specializes in aluminized steel and is the country’s largest aluminized steel distributor. We also stock Aluminized Stainless, Hot Dipped Galvanized, and distribute tubing.

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Block Steel Corp. $$$

Grandville, MI  |  616-531-8600

Looking for a steel service center with expertise in flat rolled steel? Look no further than Hascall Steel Company. Check out our inventory: hot rolled, hot rolled pickled & oiled, cold rolled, galvanized, galvaneal, galvalume, aluminized and electro galvanized steel. Send us an inquiry today!

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Hascall Steel Company $$$

San Carlos, CA  |  650-654-1500

With over 20 years of experience, Maxx Metals Inc., an independent family-owned business, has been a leader in the steel service center industry. We have a variety of different products in inventory, including hot-dipped galvanized and carbon steel products, stainless steel, and aluminum. Here at Maxx Metals, our staff will confidently lead our customers through the process to meet their needs.

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Maxx Metals Inc. $$$

Valley City, OH  |  888-278-4682

Founded in 1977, Northlake Steel has become a steel service center industry leader. We are committed to producing high-quality products for our customers. Our capabilities of precision set us apart from the competition and enable us to tailor our steel products to your needs.

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Northlake Steel Corporation $$$

University Park, IL  |  708-235-8912

Tandem Metals, a benchmark in precision slitting. Here at Tandem Metals, we offer stainless steel, carbon steel, coated products, alloy steel, red metals and aluminum HSLA steel. Our services include slitting, rolling, annealing, edging and cut to length. Based in University Park, Illinois, we are here to serve you and no question or order is too small or unusual.

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Tandem Metals $$$
placeholder image Block Steel Corp. Hascall Steel Company Maxx Metals Inc. Northlake Steel Corporation Tandem Metals

In general, carbon steel is a very hard ferrous metal. As the carbon content varies, so do the properties of a specific alloy. Lower carbon amounts result in alloys with properties very similar to pure iron, but as the content raises hardness, corrosion resistance and strength are proportionately increased.

High levels of carbon, however, decrease ductility, temperature resistance, melting point and fabrication possibilities. Steel service centers provide this material for a number of industries including construction, architecture, marine superstructure, automotive, electronics, aerospace and power generation among others.

Steel Processing Equipment Carbon Steel - Block Steel Corp.

While some service centers provide finished products, many manufacturers purchase stock shapes such as bars, rods, tubes, plates, sheets, strips, foil, wire, billets, slabs and blooms. Additionally, ingots and powders are available for powder metallurgy applications. These stock materials are formed into a variety of finished products ranging from structural beams to automotive paneling.

Also referred to as plain carbon steel, the variability of this material leads to a general classification system allowing manufacturers to select the proper alloy for a given application. Mild or low carbon steel is the most common form as it is inexpensive and highly malleable. The low tensile strength of this 0.05% to 0.15% carbon alloy, however, can be undesirable in some applications.

Medium carbon steel has a carbon content of between 0.3% and 0.59%, providing a balance between strength and ductility. High carbon steel is composed of between 0.6% and 0.99% carbon, forgoing much of the ductility of iron in favor of high tensile strength. Ultra-high carbon steel contains approximately 1.0% to 2.0% carbon and is among the hardest metal alloys.

The material commonly referred to as cast iron is actually a very high carbon steel alloy. Higher carbon content lowers the melting point, allowing for more fabrication possibilities. These possibilities generally include casting, forging, spinning, slitting, shearing, coiling, coating and cutting. Heat treatments such as annealing, quenching, martempering and spheroidizing are often used to further manipulate the mechanical properties of a given alloy.

Case hardening is a common finishing technique as it hardens only the exterior of carbon steel, allowing a product to retain internal ductility but with a wear-resistant exterior case. In addition to finishing treatments, considerations for carbon steel include dimensions such as outer diameter, inner diameter, length and thickness, which, along with carbon content levels, help determine production possibilities.

Carbon Steel Informational Video

 
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